Daily day at work, you receive many mails, official memos and invitations. You jot it down in an agenda or your smartphone–with one day prior alarm. Yet, you still missed most of the deadlines. Clearly, it will give you a bad vibe, full of errors and omissions. Annoyed, you start to wonder what’s wrong with your schedule. What’s wrong with you.
The answer might be procrastination. Procrastination has been with humankind for countless millennia. Knaus (2000) calls procrastination as a highly change-resistant, persistent, emotionally distressing problem habit. The notions of procrastination not only perform in academic achievements and work activities but also financial domain such as, failing to pay taxes, delaying to start retirement savings and failing to meet the due of allowance. The majority of the procrastinators see this behavior as a problem and want to reduce it (Steel, 2007). Procrastination resolved from conscientiousness, impulsiveness and low self-control (Steel, 2007).
There are many things that can cause procrastination. The top two main causes are technology and postmodern value orientation. First, technology makes people procrastinate easily. Computer and smartphone has applications that cater many needs, like messaging friends instantly, surfing the news, downloading music and movies, playing computer games or just checking your social media accounts. Second, there is some shifting values in society nowadays. Modern values like work, security and prosperity has been developing into postmodern values like tolerance, appreciation of social contacts and self-actualization. People will have different daily routines depending on what value structure they hold.
All variables of procrastination are responsible to some extent. Since procrastination is defined as a behavioral problem, the treatment can be deemed suitable for a particular individual. Behavioral interventions intended to increase automaticity, facilitate time management and prevent the individual from becoming distracted while working on tasks and assignments. For instance:
1. Disabling the notifications on your computer and smartphone while working;
2. While scheduling tasks and assignments, embed the location where the task should be done;
3. Boredom, worry and unpleasantness often derive when doing some tasks and assignments. Give your self a 10 or 15 minute to work before you decided to continue the task or not.
4. Give your self a reward each time you finish a task or an assignment, such as having a slice of chocolate torte after one hour writing or discussing a specific topic with friends rather than alone.